Laying Ceramic Floors
Upon receipt of the material and, in any case before it is laid, careful verification of the shade, work size and choice of material is important, because claims on laid materials cannot be accepted, if their defects were visible before laying.
To obtain the best possible visual results for products with ≥ V2 shading coefficient, lay the materials taking the tiles from several different boxes in order to achieve the best possible mix.
For veined products, and for natural stones, the slab veins should be arranged to obtain the best aesthetic and chromatic effect. Laying can be effected both with a dusting of cement and with glue, using specific adhesives offering high performance for porcelain stoneware. Glue laying is highly recommended as it offers a greater seal, particularly on large sizes (greater than 45 X 45).
Please, remember that, when laying, the bed must be stable, dry and mature, not frosted, and not too hot. In any event, follow the instructions of the producers of materials for beds and for the specific adhesives used. Cement-based adhesives must be applied at ambient temperature, and, in general, between +5°C and +30/35°C.
It is understood that, for laying too, it is necessary to comply with the technical times indicated by the producers of the adhesives being used.
The adhesives most suitable for laying Mirage porcelain stoneware can be identified according to the current European Standard EN12004.
When laying, do not mark the surface of the material with pencils (graphite) or with indelible felt tip pens, especially in the case of polished products. Although Mirage products are made of highly resistant materials, they can be shaped (for making tops, stairs...) or drilled for installing technical-sanitaryware, using specific diamond wheel cutters and equipment for porcelain stoneware.
The width of the joint can vary according to tile dimensions and the floor’s intended use. Jointless laying is not recommended, whereas laying with a minimum joint of 2-3 mm is advisable (this type of laying enables greater grip by the jointing material on the tile sides, greater absorption of any sub-bed movements and tile compensation).
In very large areas, it is essential to position expansion joints at regular intervals; whereas, for small areas, it is sufficient to leave a slight gap between the tiled area and the perimeter walls. The skirting board will cover the gap, lending a finished appearance. In any event, follow the advice/suggestions of the designer or site manager.
To use epoxy grouts, additions of resin or the like, it is advisable to carry out a true preparatory cleaning test. For better appearance, we suggest using grouts in a shade matching the colour of the tile in order to reduce contrast (e.g. white tile and black grout), especially for lapped and polished products.
After you have grouted tiles in porcelain stoneware, while the grout is still fresh, it is important, to immediately and carefully remove excess grout, with a sponge and plenty of water.
However, several days after laying, it is necessary to clean thoroughly by means of buffered acids (see the post-laying suggestions) in order to dissolve and fully remove site residues. The following products may be used:
Post-laying cleaning is obligatory after on site works.
Inadequate or late removal of the grouting used on the joints can leave marks difficult to remove and create, on the flooring, a cement film able to absorb all types of dirt, thus giving the impression that it is the material that has become dirty.
It is indispensable to dissolve and remove these residues completely using buffered acids diluted in water (follow the instructions on the packs of the products used), which must then be removed completely and quickly, rinsing the floor with plenty of water to avoid residues or drops on the floor which could damage the tiles.
Allow the product to act on the wet floor, without letting it dry and rubbing it with colourless rags. Next, rinse it thoroughly with water to ensure that the floor is free of detergent residues. If necessary, repeat the operation.
We suggest performing a preliminary wash on a sample surface of a few square meters; if the test is successful, extend clearing over the entire surface.
When you have done the above wash, carry out a basic or alkaline wash using degreasing detergents. This is because acid can leave grease on the floor, which could contribute to retaining dirt.
More specifically, Mirage recommends particular care with RC02NAT, RC08NAT, WS01 NAT and OX01 NAT when using buffered acids for cleaning: these materials could damage the surface if not removed in a short time and if traces or drops of the water-acid compound used for cleaning after laying are not removed quickly.
Porcelain stoneware is a compact, resistant material with virtually nil porosity (and therefore absorbs almost no water). The outstanding feature of porcelain stoneware slabs is their composition. Only the purest materials are used.
Our range of more than 30 collections ensures the thoroughness and differentiation of our offer able to meet the most varied needs of contemporary architectural projects.